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电力大数据:2018,21(06):-
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区块链技术在微电网中的应用初探
吴斌,杨超,唐华
(贵州大学电气工程学院,贵州大学电气工程学院,贵州大学电气工程学院)
Preliminary Applications of Blockchain Technique in Microgrid
Wu Bin,Yang Chao and Tang Hua
(School of Electrical Engineering,Guizhou University,School of Electrical Engineering,Guizhou University,School of Electrical Engineering,Guizhou University)
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投稿时间:2018-05-04    修订日期:2018-05-16
中文摘要: 由于微电网的交易模式还在探索之中,本文尝试用区块链技术来解决此问题,并对此展开研究。文章首先从特点、分类和基本框架这几个方面来对区块链展开简要的介绍,然后分析了微电网交易的特点,得到了两者都存在去中心化、智能化、安全可靠等共性,这样才有了区块链应用于微电网交易的基础。并在此基础上建立了微电网电能交易的基本框架,能量流方面通过区块链与物联网技术的相互配合来实现,信息流方面引入区块链后,信息流更加智能可靠。然后,对其中的技术实现进行了分析探讨,明确了微电网交易中的记账权,同时又提出了两种激励新能源参与消纳的机制。最后,说明了区块链技术在电能交易上所面对的难题,主要是能量流受到现实的制约和资源问题。
中文关键词: 智能电网  微电网  区块链  电能交易
Abstract:Because the transaction mode of microgrid is still being explored, this paper tries to solve this problem by using block chaining technology and does research on this problem. This paper first introduces the block chain briefly from the aspects of characteristics, classification and basic framework, then analyzes the characteristics of the micro grid transaction, and obtains the common characteristics of both centralization, intellectualization, security and reliability, so that the block chain is applied to the basis of the microgrid transaction. On this basis, the basic framework of the power transaction of micro grid is established. The energy flow is realized by the cooperation of block chain and Internet of things technology. After the information flow is introduced into the block chain, the information flow is more intelligent and reliable. Then, the technology realization is analyzed and discussed, the right of account in the micro grid transaction is clarified, and two kinds of mechanism are also put forward to encourage new energy to participate in the cancellation. Finally, the difficulties faced by the block chain technology in power trading are explained, which is mainly that energy flow is constrained by reality and resource problems.
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